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A 15-year-old girl with sudden onset proptosis
Digital Journal of Ophthalmology 2006
Volume 12, Number 5
December 12, 2006
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Adrian MacFarlane | Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells NHS Trust
andrew tatham | maidstone and tunbridge wells nhs trust, maidstone , kent, UK
References
References

1. Taylor D, Hoyt C. Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Elsevier Saunders. Third Edition 2005.
2. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Basic and Clinical Science Course. Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Section 6 2002-2003.
3. Sindhu K, Downie J, Ghabrial R, et al. Aetiology of childhood proptosis. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 1998; 34:374-376.
4. Lacey B, Rootman J. Distensible venous malformations of the orbit: clinical and hemodynaimc features and a new technique of management. Ophthalmology 1999; 106:1197-209.
5. Harris GJ. Orbital vascular malformations: a consensus statement on terminology and its clinical implications. Am J Ophthalmology 1999; 127:453-455.
6. Arat YO, Mawad ME, Boniuk M. Orbital venous malformations. Arch Ophth 2004; 122:1151-1158.
7. Wright JE, Sullivan TJ, Garner A, Wulc AE, Moseley IF. Orbital venous anomalies. Ophth 1997; 104:905-913.
8. Islam N, Mireskandari K, Rose GE. Orbital varices and orbital wall defects. Br J Ophthalmology 2004; 88:1092-1103.
9. Harris GJ, Sakol PJ, Bonavolonta G, et al. An analysis of thirty cases of orbital lymphangioma. Pathophysiologic considerations and management recommendations. Ophthalmology 1990; 97:1583-92.
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